Saint John—the successor of the Messiah—was the quintessential numbers Saint. In the Apocalypse he gave us the number of the Beast (666), and the number 1260 appears frequently. In that case it clearly symbolizes years. Catholic monk Joachim of Fiore predicted that the Third Age of the "Holy Spirit" would begin in 1260.

Before he ascended to heaven, the Risen Messiah appeared to his disciples by the Sea of Galilee. The disciples were fishing all night and caught nothing, but at dawn the Messiah appeared on the shore and told them to cast the net on the right side. They obeyed, and a great catch of fish ensued. Very mysteriously, Saint John gives the exact number of fish:

Simon Peter went up and dragged the net to land, full of large fish, one hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not broken (Saint John 21:11, Douay-Rheims Version).

In one of his parables, the Messiah compared the end of the world scenario to a huge net full of fish:

Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away. So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth (Saint Matthew 13: 47-50, Douay-Rheims Version).

The main difference between humans and demons in hell is the fact that demons cannot weep or cry, or show any remorse for their rebellion against the Almighty!

Statue of a Risorgimento soldier with a bugle
breaking through Porta Pia to liberate the city.

Roma was first occupied by Britannia in 313 AD.

In 312 AD, Emperor Jesus Constantine led a huge army of 90,000 of his giant naked tattooed British warriors across the Alps and laid siege to Roma.

The following year he was proclaimed the first "Christian" Emperor as Romulus and Remus became Saints Peter and Paul.

Via 20 Settembre is close to
Vatican City.

The most famous Italian actress was born on September 20, 1934, during the misrule of the "Sawdust Caesar" Benito Mussolini double!!

Actress Sophia Loren
(b. September 20, 1934)

Sophia Loren was one the brightest stars in Italy and Hollywood. She co-starred with Clark Gable, Frank Sinatra, Cary Grant, John Wayne, Charlton Heston, etc., etc.

Incredibly, her younger sister Maria was married to the youngest son of the "Sawdust Caesar" double!!

Even though she starred in several "sword and sandals" epics, she never starred in a movie about the incredible Year of the 4 Emperors!!

A dead ringer for Jackie Kennedy, she turned down an offer to play the Pink Panther in Peter Seller's A Shot In The Dark!!


Jackie Kennedy
(July 28,1929 – May 19,1994).

Despite the historical fiction of Flavius Josephus, Italian movie producers should have been familiar with Imperial Roman history. There were many roles for women during the chaotic Year of the 4 Emperors.

She could have played the role of Queen Berenice of Cilicia, who was the mistress of General Titus, and almost became Caesar's wife when he assumed the purple in 79 AD.

Roma was first occupied by Emperor Jesus Constantine and his GIANT warriors in 313 AD!!

Emperor Hadrian built a massive wall across Caledonia to keep the GIANTS out of the Empire ....Physical walls cannot keep Satan out because the Gog and Magog giants occupied the very seat of the Caesars in 313 AD. Fortunately, there were no WILD WOMEN WARRIORS like Queen Boudicea among them!

In 313, Emperor Jesus Constantine was recognized as the first "Christian" Emperor by the Roman Senate. This date can be considered as the official beginning of the Papal Roman Empire.

Emperor Jesus Constantine (272–337). Misruled from 306 to 337.

Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus destroyed the physical Temple in Jerusalem.

Emperor Jesus Constantine and his son Jesus Cristus (Gk. Cristos) began to undermine the foundation of the spiritual temple!

In Corinth, Saint Paul converted the ruler of the synagogue named CRISTOS to his Messiah.

The Greek word for CRISTOS AND CRISPUS is exactly the same!


Coin of Jesus Cristus (295–326) son
of Jesus Constantine and Minervina.

The Greek Septuagint translation of the Tanakh made the name CRISTOS very common for boys because it is the Hebrew equivalent of Moshiach. Aaron was a CRISTOS, so was King Saul, and shepherd boy David.

The Hebrew name Messiah is Cristos in Greek, Cristus in Latin, and Christ in English: It is not a name but a title . . . and it means ANOINTED:

And Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord, with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing, believed, and were baptized. (Acts 18:8, I Corinthians 1:14, Douay-Rheims Version).

By changing one LETTER, the corrupters of Holy Writ changed the name, and Lucifer laid a snare for the unwary to hasten them to Hades!

Pope Julius I (280352).
Reigned from 337 to 352.

Before he went to Hades in 337, Emperor Jesus Constaintine appointed Julius I as bishop of Roma.

It is historical fiction to claim that that any Pope reigned in Roma before that time.

Saint Paul established true Christianity in the city of the Caesars, and even his highly redacted biography mentions nothing about Saint Peter in the city of the twins!

Pope Julius II was known as the "Warrior Pope" and his top secret name was truly LEGION!!


Pope Julius II (14431513).
Reigned from 1503 to 1513.

A total of 1166 years elapsed between the reigns of the 2 pontiffs. If you subtract that from 1260 it totals about 100 years. Those were the years of the Babylonian Captivity of the Congregation that were ended when Saint Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the Castle Church in Wittenberg.

Year of actual fulfillment

The number 1260 appears frequently in the Book of Daniel and the Apocalypse. It is beyond belief but Hajji Francis of Assisi predicted that all the world would be Muslin by 1260.

The Papal States were originally ruled from Constantinople by the viceroy of the Emperor called the exarch of Ravenna. The territories were conquered by the Lombards, and Pope Stephen II sought the help of King Pepin of the Franks to expel them.

Pope Stephen II convinced the illiterate and credulous King Pepin that "St. Peter" had sent him an airmail letter from heaven calling on him to defend Rome and expel the Lombards.

Benedictine monks forging the missive
from "St. Peter" up in heaven.

It is beyond belief but in 755 Pope Stephen II arranged for an airmail letter from "St. Peter" to King Pepin of the Franks commanding him to expel the Lombards from Roma.

King Pepin was illiterate so Pope Stephen II had to read the heavenly missive to him!


King Pepin was astonished that "St. Peter"
even knew about him!!

If we add 1260 to 755 it brings us to the fateful year of 2015...The most infamous pious fraud in history was the airmail letter from "St. Peter" delivered to King Pepin commanding him to expel the Lombards from Roma.

The temporal power of the Papal Pontiffs began in the year 755 when the Papal States were conceived in forgery and born in bloodshed and war.

There were 3 main reasons for their existence:

The Pontiffs did not have to answer to the civil power or any non-clerical government.
Gold and silver (real money) could be shipped to the Vatican without the permission of the civil power.  
Secure communications: Information obtained through the confessionals could reach Roma securely.

The abolition of the Papal States is condemned in the Syllabus of Errors of Pope Pius IX—the last king of the Papal States:

76. The abolition of the temporal power of which the Apostolic See is possessed would contribute in the greatest degree to the liberty and prosperity of the Church. Allocutions "Quibus quantisque," April 20, 1849, "Si semper antea," May 20, 1850. (Condemned as error).

September 20th is the 152th anniversary (1870–2022) of the liberation of Roma from the Papal tyranny. A year later, on July 1, 1871, the Italian government moved from Florence to Roma, and the following day King Victor Emmanuel II entered the city.

The Prussian victory over Austria in 1866 prepared the way for the liberation of Roma!

Even though they spoke the same language, Prussia and Austria were bitter rivals. Reactionary Austria was the main pillar of the Papacy, while Prussia was supported by the British East India Company.

In 1858, Victoria, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, married Prussian Crown Prince Frederick. They were the parents of the notorious "Dead Head" Kaiser Wilhelm II.

The Battle of Königgrätz (or Sadowa) was the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War in which the Kingdom of Prussia defeated the Austrian Empire. That decisive battle took place on July 3, 1866.

Emperor Franz Joseph (18301916)
. Misruled Austria from 1848 to 1916.

Habsburg Emperor Franz Joseph took the Syllabus of Errors of Pope Pius IX very seriously.

He condemned trains, newspapers, the telegraph, and all human progress as the "work of the devil."

The defeated Austrian forces were commanded by General Ludwig von Benedek.



General Ludwig von Benedek

The Prussians sent several observers to the American Civil War, and they noticed the extensive use of railroads, the telegraph, the Henry and Spencer repeating rifles, and many other innovative war weapons.

Field Marshall Helmuth von Moltke

Field Marshall Helmuth von Moltke admired the New World innovations in warfare, and he adopted them for the Prussian Army.

One of his deadliest adaptations was the use of the breech-loading rapid fire rifle.

The Austrians used the obsolete muzzle loading muskets, so they were slaughtered by the Prussians.


The Prussians using their breech-loading
rifles at the Battle of Sadowa.

Field Marshall von Molke's nephew by the same name commanded the Prussian army during the invasion of France in 1914. He lost his nerve and transferred an entire division to oppose the Russians. That led to a stalemate, and the bloody slaughter of WWI trench warfare.

Pope Pius IX (1792-1878).
Pope Pius IX (1792–1878).
Pope from 1846 to 1878.

In July 1870, at the First Vatican Council, Pope Pius IX was declared infallible.

In August 1870, Napollyon III declared war on Prussia.

In September 1870, Roma was liberated by Italian troops.

Vatican Council I was presided over by Pope Pius IX.
Vatican Council I was presided
over by Pope Pius IX.

That council was extremely contentious, and the infallibility decree cost a fortune in gold and silver. Any cardinals who proved recalcitrant, and could not be bought, were sent to "St. Peter."

In August 1870, Emperor Napollyon III of France declared war on Prussia

After their decisive victory over Austria, the Prussians felt invincible. France was their only remaining rival in Europe, and Otto von Bismarck cleverly arranged that France would fire the first shot in his next war of conquest.

Napoleon III, Emperor of France, declared war on Protestant Prussia in Aug. 1870.
Emperor Napollyon III (18081870).
MIsruled from (1852 to 1873).

July 19, 1870, the Franco-Prussian War commenced over a telegram.

Napollyon III desperately needed a military victory since his attempted conquest of Mexico turned into a complete disaster.

In 1864, Napollyon sent an army to Mexico to install Maximilian of Austria as Emperor of Mexico.


Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898).
Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898).
Chancellor from 1871 to 1890.

France lost thousands of soldiers in a vain attempt install Maximilian and Carlota as Emperor and Empress of Mexico. Napollyon needed a war to distract the people, and regain some of the lost prestige of his country.

Otto von Bismarck was able to maneuver France into firing the first shot of the Franco-Prussian War. Napollyon was confident of victory because he had an alliance with the newly created Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Franz Kohn von Kohnenfeld (1817–1896). Austro-Hungarian minister of war.

In 1867, Emperor Franz Joseph created the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a counterweight to Prussia.

Through his minister of war, Franz Kohn von Kohnenfeld, he arranged a military alliance with Napollyon.

Czar Alexander II, who had just saved the United States from an invasion by Britain during the Civil War, threatened to mobilize the Russian Army, and as a result, Franz Joseph backed down.


Czar Alexander II (1818–1881).
Czar from 1855 to 1881.

Napollyon was confident that its ally Austria-Hungary would join the war, and Austria was also thirsting for revenge because ofher defeat by Prussia in 1866:

Even before the French defeats, the Czar's declared intention of matching any Austrian declaration of war with one of his own had enabled Moltke to summon the three army corps standing along the Austrian frontier to join the armies in the Palatinate. The news of Wissembourg created in Vienna an uneasiness which only victory could have dispelled; and by 10th August the Austrian army had abandoned all the military preparations which it had half-heartedly begun. (Howard, The Franco-Prussian War, p. 120).

As a result of the French defeat, Czar Alexander abrogated the Treaty of Paris which blocked Russian access to the Black Sea.

Prussian cavalry attacking French guns at the Battle of Mars la Tour. Prussian cavalry attacking French guns
at the Battle of Mars-la-Tour.


The Prussians conducted a blitzkrieg war against France.

Within 2 months Paris was surrounded.

With the Prussians besieging Paris, French troops were withdrawn from the Papal States, and that was the opportune time for the liberation to commence.


Napoleon III as a prisoner of Bismarck. Napollyon III as a prisoner of Bismarck.

Without the participation of the Austrians, France was doomed. The Prussians applied the lessons learned in the American Civil War to all phases of the brief conflict.

General Cadorna led the liberating Italian army into Roma!!

Italian general Raffaele Cadorna led the conquering host into the city of Roma. .

General Raffaele Cadorna

On September 20, 1870, Italian general Raffaele Cadorna led the liberating army into the city.

The French army had withdrawn to fight the Prussians, and the only opposition was the Papal Army and the Swiss Guard.

Porta Pia, showing the holes made by Italian artillery in its assault on Rome.
Porta Pia, showing the holes made by
Italian artillery in the liberation of Roma.

Immediately afterward, a PLEBISCITE or VOTE was held to give the Romans a choice between the Papal or Italian governments.

At the time of the liberation, Roma had a population of about 240,000. Immediately afterward, the Italian government organized a popular PLEBISCITE so that the Romans could choose between the Papal or Italian government.

Italian Prime Minister Giovanni Lanza ordered general Cadorna to halt at the Leonine Wall surrounding the Vatican. They were not to be included in the plebiscite. Of course, the 1,500 inhabitants were furious that they were not allowed to vote.

The Leonine Wall surrounding the Vatican.
The Leonine Wall surrounding the Vatican.

The liberating army was told to halt at the Leonine Wall.

The inhabitants of the Leonine City were furious when they were told that they would not be part of liberated Roma.

The insisted on being part of the plebiscite and voted overwhelmingly to be part of Italy.

Map of the Leonine Walls.
Map of the Leonine Wall.

135,000 votes were cast in the Roman plebiscite, and the overwhelming majority voted to be part of the kingdom of Italy:

It was in this somewhat troubled atmosphere that the plebiscite duly took place on October 2. The most perfect order was maintained despite the prevailing excitement. Some fifteen hundred inhabitants of the Leonine City crossed the bridge of S. Angelo, set up their own polling-place, and cast a unanimous vote in favor of annexation to Italy. They then apprised the authorities of the result. On the evening of the third, all the ballot boxes were brought to the Campidoglio. Some embarrassment ensued when an old resident of the Leonine City, accompanied by a large number of fellow Trasteverians, presented the votes of his district. The Giunta appealed to Baron Blanc, who represented the government at these rites, and someone expressed the opinion that, for diplomatic reasons, it might be advisable to follow a special procedure in this instance. But the baron unhesitatingly replied: "Forward, Romans of the Trastevere," and their votes were registered with all the others. The tabulation of the results showed an overwhelming triumph for the national cause. Of the 135,291 votes cast, 133,681 were in favor of union, 1507 were against, and 103 were classified as invalid. (Halperin, Italy and the Vatican at War, pp. 108-109).

The 1,500 Leonine City inhabitants lived closest to the Papal government; they had an opportunity to observe it up close and personal . . . and they rejected it overwhelmingly!

Giuseppe Garibaldi shares a birthday with the New Jerusalem!!

Giuseppe Garibaldi was the driving force behind the unification of Italy. He yielded the physical sword, while Alessandro (the Great) Gavazzi yielded the spiritual sword.

Giuseppe Garibaldi
(July 4, 1807– June 2, 1882).

Giuseppe (Joseph) Garibaldi, the "Lion of Caprera," was born on the Fourth of July.

As early as 1833, that Italian Hero was forced to flee Italy became Pope Gregory XVI was the sworn enemy of Italian unification.

Fiery Alessandro Gavazzi was a 19th century Girolamo Savanarolla, who yielded the spiritual sword against the pretended "Vicar of Christ."

Alessandro (the Great) Gavazzi (1809-1889).
Alessandro (the Great) Gavazzi

Garibaldi was intensely disappointed that Pope Pius IX was allowed to stay in Roma after the liberation of the city. His fervent wish was permanent retirement for the Papacy.

Garibaldi monument on the Janiculum Hill.
The Garibaldi monument on
the Janiculum Hill.

The Janiculum Hill is the highest point in Roma and the most panoramic view of the city.

Many tour operators from the New Jerusalem try to avoid showing it to tourists!

That is like visiting Babylon on the Hudson and not viewing the Empire State Building!

King Victor Emmanuel II monument in Rome.
King Victor Emmanuel II
monument in Roma.

The saga of Roma did not end with the liberation of the city. Many, many attempts were made to regain the lost States. In 1929, "Sawdust Caesar" Benito Mussolini donated a small area in central Roma to the Papacy, and that captive area is now known as Vatican City State.

In 1979, an attempt was made by the Rockefeller-Pentagon-Mafia to divide up Italy one again and restore the Papal States!

Vital Links


Blakiston, Noel. The Roman Question: Extracts from the Dispatches of Odo Russell from Rome 1858–1870. Chapman & Hall, London, 1962.

Cadorna, Luigi, Il generale Raffaele Cadorna nel Resorgimento italiano. Fratelli Treves, Milano,1922.

Dicey, Edward.Victor Emmanuel II. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1882.

Duchesne, Monsignor L. The Beginnings of the Temporal Sovereignty of the Popes (754–1073). Kegan Paul, Trench, Thübner, & Co., London, 1907.

Forester, B.C. Victor Emmanuel II and the Union of Italy. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York, 1927.

Howard, Michael.The Franco-Prussian War. The Macmillan Company, New York, 1962.

Halperin, William S. Italy and the Vatican at War. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. 1939.

Hinkley Edyth. Mazzini: The Story of a Great Italian. Kennikat Press, Port Washington, New York, 1924.

Kertzer, David I. Prisoner of the Vatican. The Pope's Secret Plot to Capture Rome from the New Italian State. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston & New York, 2004.

Loren, Sophia. Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow: My Life. Atria Books, New York, 2014. ,

Palmer, Alan. Twilight of the Habsburgs. The Life and Times of Emperor Francis Joseph. Grove Press, New York, 1994.

Smith, Denis. Mack. Victor Emmanuel, Cavour, and the Risorgimento. Oxford University Press, New York, 1971.

Smith, Denis Mack. Giuseppe Mazzini. Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1994.

Smith, Denis. Mack. Count Camille de Cavour. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1985.

Stock, Leo Francis. Consular Relations Between the United States and the Papal States. (in 2 Volumes), American Catholic Historical Assoc., Washington City, 1945.

Wylie, Rev. J. A. The Awaking of Italy and the Crisis of Rome. U.S. Tract Society, New York, 1866.

Copyright © 2023 by Patrick Scrivener

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