Roosevelt versus the U.S. Supreme Court!!
a threefold cord is not quickly broken"
Fathers of the U.S. gave our country the best written Constitution in
the history of the world. In the Constitution, power was divided among
3 branches of government: namely the Executive, the Legislative and the
branch of government was held in check by this tripartite system of checks
3 Branches of Government
House represents the Executive branch of government with the
President as chief Executive.
branch is called Congress from the Latin word CONGREGATION.
It consists of 2 houses: the Congress and the Senate.
Court of 9 judges represents the Judicial branch. The judges
are nominated by the President; approved by the Senate, and
serve for life or until retirement.
serving member of the 3 branches of government takes an OATH on the BIBLE
to SUPPORT and DEFEND the CONSTITUTION of the United States:
do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution
of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that
I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this
obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion;
and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office
on which I am about to enter: So help me God."
declared war on the Supreme Court in 1937
thing a dictator does when he usurps power is to use the legal apparatus
of the country to eliminate all opposition to his regime. Immediately
after usurping power on March 4, 1933, Roosevelt introduced his Raw Deal
alias the New Deal.
a vast Federal bureaucracy to control every facet of the economic life
of the nation. He already had Congress in his pocket through bribes and
threats, but the Supreme Court ruled that many of his New Deals were downright
unconstitutional. Roosevelt was furious. He was determined to rule like
his friends Hitler, Mussolini and Franco.
Roosevelt was in his 2nd term and had not appointed one Justice to the
Supreme Court. 6 of the Supreme Court judges were over 70 years of age.
Roosevelt reminded them of the infirmities of old age and ENCOURAGED them
ALL to RESIGN.
great disappointment, the judges refused to retire. At that point, Roosevelt
decided to bring out his heavy naval guns. In complete secrecy, he told
his Cabinet that he proposed to expand the Supreme Court to 15 members
by adding a co-justice for every judge over 70. That would give him a
majority and make the Supreme Court his obedient servant:
FDR plan was simple. The Supreme Court had nine members. Six were over
seventy years of age. For each member of the Court who declined to retire
at age seventy, Roosevelt proposed that a co-justice be appointed to
the Court to serve alongside the older justice. If his bill became law,
Roosevelt immediately could make six appointments of co-justices to
the Court, and the Court would jump in size from nine to fifteen members.
If one of the six justices over seventy chose to retire, the President
still would be able to make an appointment to fill his vacant seat on
the bench as well as naming five co-justices, but the Court would go
up only to fourteen members. If all the justices over seventy retired,
FDR could then fill their vacancies, and the Court would stay at nine
members. Either way, through the appointment of co-justices or through
the retirement of justices over seventy, Roosevelt would have the authority
to place on the Supreme Court persons whose philosophy agreed with his."
(Back to Back: The Duel between FDR and the Supreme Court pp.
Court packing scheme killed Senator Robinson
Robinson was Al Smith's running mate in 1928, and if Smith had won the
election, Robinson would have been Vice President of the United States.
Joe T. Robinson (1872-1937). A victim of the Roosevelt Reich Court
Joe T. Robinson of Arkansas was the Senate Majority leader in 1937.
He was ordered by Roosevelt to have the Court packing Bill
passed in the Senate . . . at all costs.
64 years old and had a heart condition. The hearings on the Bill
began in the Senate on July 6, in the stifling heat of Washington
out all stops to pass the Bill. He even invoked a seldom-used rule
of the Senate that limited debate to 2 speeches on one subject per
day. Then he forced the Senate to adjourn at the end of each day,
instead of recessing, thereby limiting debate on the Bill, and preventing
On July 14,
Robinson died of a heart attack in his home near the Senate building.
FROM the beginning of the Senate debate on the Court bill a heat wave
had held the eastern half of the nation in its stifling grasp. By Sunday,
July 11, the death toll had reached one hundred and fifty persons, twenty-five
of them in the New York city area. In Washington the temperature hovered
at ninety-five degrees without promise of relief. Two persons died Monday
from the heat; one on Tuesday. Thousands of persons slept on beaches
or in parks, wherever they hoped to find some relief from the heat.
The heat was a bother to Joe Robinson. Now sixty-four years old and
with a heart condition that had lately been giving him difficulty, he
was decidedly uncomfortable as the heat wave enveloped his massive bulk.
But he ignored it as best he could. He had a job to do and he intended
to see that it was done. For fourteen years he had been leader of the
Senate Democrats. He was proud of that tenure, proud of his record of
party loyalty, proud of his ability to produce the needed votes from
the Senate when he must." (Back to Back: The Duel between FDR
and the Supreme Court, pp. 244-245).
death of Senator Robinson killed Roosevelt's Court packing scheme!!
member Court packing scheme died with Senator Robinson. Roosevelt did
not abandon his scheme of packing the Court however with Justices who
shared his philosophy. His second term was up in 1940, and George Washington
established the precedent of not serving more than two terms.
ignored the precedent set by Washington and ran for a THIRD term. He ran
on the slogan that he was the ONLY one who could keep the U.S. out of
the war in Europe....Then . . . oh happy coincidence . . . Japan attacked
Pearl Harbor and the U.S. was at war.
Roosevelt ran for an unprecedented 4th term. His latest campaign slogan
was that he was the only one who could win the war for the U.S. By serving
as President for 12 years, Roosevelt was able to appoint 8 Justices to
the Supreme Court.
George Washington appointed more Justices to the Supreme Court!!
the first President had the opportunity of appointing more Justices because
the Constitution began with him. Washington appointed 11 Justices and
Roosevelt came in a close second with 8 appointments. Had Roosevelt served
out his 4th term he would have appointed a grand total of 9 Justices!!
2nd Amendment is the Final Target of the Supreme Court!!
well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free
State, the right of the PEOPLE to keep and bear Arms, shall not be
how GREAT the Constitution; unless it is backed up by an armed citizenry
it is powerless.... The world is full of would be dictators like Roosevelt,
Hitler, Mussolini, Franco etc., etc., who are lying in wait for an opportunity
to STEAL your dearly won freedoms.
created the Pentagon as a counterfeit U.S. "armed forces."
or ARMED FORCES of the U.S. are the ARMED PEOPLE of the U.S. or
every able bodied ARMED man or woman who loves their country and
ONLY qualification that you need to be AN ARMY OF ONE and serve
in the ARMED FORCES of the U.S. is to be an ARMED PERSON and to
love your country and its God given Constitution.
created a false militia or counterfeit U.S. "armed forces"
and it is called the Pentagon.
way the Pentagon can tell the Supreme Court Judges that the 2nd
Amendment is OBSOLETE because the militia is now the STANDING ARMY
maintained by the professional military!!
Leonard. Back to Back: The Duel Between FDR and the Supreme Court.
The Macmillian Co., New York, 1967.
Cecil Edward Jr. Joe T. Robinson: Always a Loyal Democrat. University
of Arkansas Press, 1998.
© 2007 by Niall Kilkenny
to Main Menu