The Council of Trent (15451563) condemned every other translation of the Bible except for the Latin Vulgate of Jerome:

Moreover, the same sacred and holy Synod,–considering that no small utility may accrue to the Church of God, if it be made known which out of all the Latin editions, now in circulation, of the sacred books, is to be held as authentic,–ordains and declares, that the said old and vulgate edition, which, by the lengthened usage of so many years, has been approved of in the Church, be, in public lectures, disputations, sermons and expositions, held as authentic; and that no one is to dare, or presume to reject it under any pretext whatever. (Council of Trent, Fourth Session).

The Douay-Rheims is a faithful translation of the Latin Vulgate into English. The New Covenant part of the Douay-Rheims was published in 1582, and work commenced immediately on the Old Covenant portion.

Saint Paul wrote I Corinthians Chapter 11 to the Christians in order to instruct them about the chain-of-command in the armies of Heaven. He explained that God (Elohim) is at the top; Christ is next in command; then man, then woman. Angels are present when men and women assemble to pray, so it is vitally important that the heavenly hierarchy be duplicated on earth, and the angels behold good order, and not Satanic rebellion. An earthly army always has a clear chain-of-command, denoted by rank and insignia, so that a private cannot masquarade as a general:

But I would have you know that the head of every man is Christ: and the head of the woman is the man: and the head of Christ is God (I Corinthians 11:2).

Then Paul goes on to say that EVERY man praying with his head covered DISGRACES Christ his head:

Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered disgraceth (Lat. turpis) his head (I Corinthians 11:4).

Disgraceth is from the Latin word turpis and it means ugly, shameful, unsightly, foul, filthy, scandalous, outrageous, etc., etc. It is the origin of the English turpitude and the Italian turpe.

Pope Benedict praying
King Benedict XVI praying
with his head covered.

Saint Paul said that EVERY man who prays with his head covered DISGRACES Christ!!

A man who calls himself Vicar of Christ, and yet DISGRACES Christ, is the very essence of Antichrist!!


Pope "Freedom" praying
King Francis praying with
his head covered.

This cover-up is the most unkindest cut of all because Saint Paul established true Christianity at Rome. St. Paul called the Antichrist the Man of Sin and Son of Perdition, and predicted that he would be revealed before the Second Coming of Christ:

Let no man deceive you by any means: for unless there come a revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition. Who opposeth and is lifted up above all that is called God or that is worshipped, so that he sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself as if he were God (II Thessalonians 2:3-4).

Joshua of Nazareth–the Messiah of Israel–called Judas Iscariot the son of perdition. Judas was one of the 12 Apostles . . . but in reality a SPY:

While I was with them, I kept them in thy name. Those whom thou gavest me have I kept: and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition: that the scripture may be fulfilled (St. John 17:12).

When Saint John saw a vision of the glorified Christ in heaven, he was not wearing a head covering:

And his head and his hairs were white as white wool and as snow. And his eyes were as a flame of fire
(Revelation 1:14).

On the other hand, when Saint John saw a vision of a demon army from the Bottomless Pit, they had CROWNS on their heads . . . and they had long hair:

And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle. And on their heads were, as it were, crowns like gold: and their faces were as the faces of men. And they had hair as the hair of women: and their teeth were as lions (Revelation 9:7-8).

Saint Paul was a Hebrew of the Hebrews, a "super-Jew" of the tribe of Benjamin, and he knew all about the history and customs of his own people.

Saint Paul instructed Christian women to cover their heads when praying!!

After Saint Paul instructed Christian men to uncover their heads when praying, he goes on to state that a Christian woman praying without a head covering disgraces her head:

But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered disgraceth her head: for it is all one as if she were shaven (I Corinthians 11:5).

In the ancient world, women usually wore a head covering in public. The only exception were prostitutes . . . who generally uncovered their heads to advertise their diabolical business.

A recent daytime prayer vigil
A recent daytime prayer vigil
for peace in Syria.

Saint Paul said that EVERY woman who prays without a head covering DISGRACES her head!!


Bareheaded and shaven Buddhist
nuns "praying."

Everywhere in the Vatican where Maria or Mary is depicted in art or images, she always herhead covered.

Our Lady of Fatima.
Maria or Mary Fatima statue.

Unlike the aggressive spear-shakers Athena or Minerva, the demure Maria or Mary is generally depicted in art and images with a head covering, and downcast eyes, to portray humility and submission.

In reality, she outranks Zeus or Jupiter!!


Our Lady of Lourdes.
Maria or Mary Lourdes statue.

Under the Old Covenant, when a husband accused his wife of adultery, her head was uncovered during the trial:

And when the woman shall stand before the Lord, he shall uncover her head, and shall put on her hands the sacrifice of remembrance, and the oblation of jealousy: and he himself shall hold the most bitter waters, whereon he hath heaped curses with execration (Numbers 5:18).

After the trial, if the wife was found innocent of adultery, she resumed her head covering.

Under the New Covenant, women had great freedom. Saint Paul had women deacons and helpers, but he foresaw the Great Apostasy or Babylonian Captivity, and as a wise master builder, he prepared for it beforehand by clearly delineating the chain-of-command in the Christian Congregation.

Before the blessed Reformation, there was a statue of Pope Joan close to the Vatican. With the uncovering of the true object of their worship, the statue was removed, but not the Satanic spirit that inspired that worship.

Only the Aaronic priesthood Jews wore a head covering!!

Real Jewish males never covered their heads . . . except in times of mourning for their apostasy and forsaking JEHOVAH:

The great ones sent their inferiors to the water: they came to draw, they found no water, they carried back their vessels empty: they were confounded and afflicted, and covered their heads. For the destruction of the land, because there came no rain upon the earth, the husbandman were confounded, they covered their heads
(Jeremiah 14:3-4).

Haman–the great enemy of the Jews–covered his head when his plans for the Final Solution began to backfire:

But Mardochai returned to the palace gate: and Aman made haste to go to his house, mourning and having his head covered (Esther 6:12).

Only the Aaronic priests, who ministered in the Temple, wore head coverings

A fake "Jew" praying at the former temple of Jupiter.
An Edomite with head covering
at the former temple of Jupiter.

JEHOVAH commanded the Jewish priests (Heb. Kohen) to wear turbans during their service in the Temple (Ex 28:40, 29:9).

The Prophet Ezekiel forbade them to wear long locks.

"Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks to grow long; they shall only poll their heads" (Ezekiel 40:20).


A fake "Jew" with long locks at the
An Edomite with long locks at the
former temple of Jupiter.

The Levites were carefully instructed about proper dress and decorum for service in the Temple:

Neither shall they shave their heads, nor wear long hair: but they shall only poll their heads (Ezekiel 44:20, Douay-Rheims Version).

Only the King James Version has a correct translation of that Scripture:

Neither shall they shave their heads, nor suffer their locks (Heb. pehrah) to grow long; they shall only poll their heads (Ezekiel 44:20).

The custom of men covering their heads originated in Babylon–the fountainhead of all idolatry:

Then these men (Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego) were bound in their mantles, their tunics, and their turbans and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace (Daniel 3:21).

The fake "Jews" originated in Babylon and they spread the Babylonian custom of men covering their heads. Simon the Sorcerer introduced the diabolical custom to the Church of Rome about 45 AD.

Contrary to dunce Charles Darwin, incest and intermarriage between close relatives only produces monstrosities and imbeciles!!

Roman Emperors followed the Jewish custom of short hair for men!!

Roman Emperors never wore a head covering (except helmets in battle) as a lot of the good customs of Republican Rome came from the real Jews.

Bareheaded Emperor
Bareheaded Emperor
Augustus Caesar.

Roman Emperorsthe masters of the Western worldnever gave themselves FLATTERING TITLES but were called simply Princeps (First Citizen) (Job 32:21).

The mighty Roman Emperors never wore big hats to give them swelled heads or were carried about in chairs!!

As the cult of Mithras gained more adherents, Roman men began wearing the red Phrygian cap as a sign of devotion to their abominable idol.

Bareheaded Emperor Hadrian.
Bareheaded Emperor Hadrian.

The evolution of the Papal mitre began with the red Phrygian cap as that cult's headquarters was located on Vatican Hill–the very spot now occupied by the Basilica of St. JuPeter.

The great cover-up began with the ecumenical movement in 1962

The great cover-up began with Winston Churchill and Vatican Council II. Prior to that time, Latin Church women were required to wear a "chapel veil" when they were in the presence of supersubstantial bread or "Jesus" on the altar.

The discarding of the veil led to "women's liberation," the sexual revolution, role-reversals, abortion, women ruling over men etc.,etc.

The Lincoln family in the First Presbyterian
The Lincoln family in the First Presbyterian
Church, Springfield, Illinois.

Up to the 1960's, it was unheard of for Latin Church women to uncover their heads in church.

That custom was due to the presence of supersubstantial bread or "Jesus" on the altar.

The Kennedy family outside church
The Kennedy family exiting church
in Palm Beach, Florida.

Latin Church women always covered their heads in church, as can be seen by the example of Jackie Kennedy, wife of the President. Prior to that time, Protestant Christian women always covered their heads when they prayed or went to church.

Hatless President Kennedy.
Hatless President Kennedy.

President Kennedy rarely wore a hat because hats look ugly on men, and our Great Creator did not design male heads to wear hats.

On the other hand, millions of women admired Jackie's pillbox hat.

Jackie never appeared in public without a hat, and she was a trend setter for women's fashion around the world.

Jackie Kennedy wearing her
Jackie Kennedy wearing her
famous pillbox hat.

Maybe that was one of the reasons why President Kennedy was assassinated!! His wife certainly boosted the sale of women's hats in this country . . . and around the world.

Women's "liberation," role reversals, women ruling over men, and disgracing their heads etc., etc., always leads to disaster in the end. Here is what Saint Paul advised the younger women to do:

I will, therefore, that the younger should marry, bear children, be mistresses of families, give no occasion to the adversary to speak evil (I Timothy 5:14).

The brave pioneer women didn't insist on the right to vote before they expanded the Tabernacle of David to the Pacific Ocean. These liberated, intelligent women also understood that the army that has the most soldiers left at the end of the battle is the WINNER.

The Great Confessional Cover-up!!

The corrupt Latin Vulgate opened the door to the confessional box with the change of REPENT to DO PENANCE. When the Messiah began his ministry, the first word he uttered was REPENT:

From that time Joshua began to preach, and to say, "repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand" (Matthew 4:17, Scrivener translation).

The corrupt Latin Vulgate Version changed REPENT to DO PENANCE:

From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say: Do penance, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand (Matthew 4:17, Douay-Rheims Version).

Confession to a priest began in the 13th century with the Fourth Lateran Council:

Innocent was nevertheless convinced that the Cathar heresies indicated a thirst for religious revival which he believed he could satisfy with a tranche of devotional reforms. In 1215 he convoked the Fourth Lateran Council. Among its provisions was the decree that all the faithful must attend confession and receive Holy Communion once a year. First confession should be made `on reaching the age of discernment' by all members of the faithful `of either sex'. Those who failed to do their Easter sacramental duties were to be 'barred from entering the church in their lifetime and to be deprived of Christian burial at death'. A familiar verdict of history is that Innocent was exploiting confession to seek out heretics. Yet he also hoped to encourage spiritual renewal and to establish the role of the priest as spiritual director of individual souls. (Cornwell, The Dark Box: A Secret History of Confession, pp.16-17).

The Cathars were a group of Christians in Southern France who made life miserable for the Papacy because they had authenic, ancient copies of the Holy Scriptures. The Inquisition was created by the Dominicans and Franciscans in order to stamp them out.

Pope Innocent III (1160 -1216).
Pope Innocent III (1160–1216).
Reigned from 1198 to 1216.

In 1215, Pope Innocent III made auricular confession to a priest mandatory at the Fourth Lateran Council.

Anyone who failed to confess yearly at Lent was excommunicated.

This was the Pope that launched the 4th Crusade to conquer Constantinople.

A woman confessing to a "celibate"
A woman confessing to a "celibate"
priest in medieval England.

No minimum age was mandated for confession, and no confessional boxes existed. Many times a "penitent" would rest her head on the lap of her favorite confessor.

After confession of sins, the priest would lay hands on the head of the "penitent" to confer absolution.

By the time of the blessed Reformation, the abuse of females in the confessional had reached epidemic proportions. The Reformers looked upon the confessional as a license to sin.

The Vatican's response to this plague was to convene the Council of Trent (1545–63), despite the fact that Saint Martin Luther had dumped auricular confession as a sacrament.

Charles Borromeo was the "nephew" of Pope Pius IV. "Nephew" really means that Giovanni Angelo Medici a.k.a. Pope Pius IV was his real father!!

Milan cathedral was the seat
Milan cathedral was the seat
of the archbishop of Milan.

A powerful Counter-Reformation Jesuitthe "nephew" of Pope Pius IVinvented the confessional box as the answer to priestly seduction of females in the confessional.

He was archbishop of the huge diocese of Milan, and he directed the Counter-Reformation from the cathedral.


Cardinal Borromeo
Cardinal Borromeo

The confessional box was officially introduced in 1576:

Against this unseemly background, Borromeo now commissioned an item of church furniture to set a physical barrier between confessor and penitent. In 1576, members of the faithful entering the Duomo in Milan were struck by the presence of several unfamiliar wooden booths. The confessional box had arrived. Borromeo's text on their design is to be found in a set of special instructions (Instructiones fabricae et supellectilis ecclesiasticae). The confessional was composed of a chair for the confessor and a kneeler for the penitent. The confessor was enclosed by wooden panels on three sides, but there was a door (or doors) left open into the body of the church, so that he would be on view to the faithful. The panel that divided the confessor from the penitent had a grille and a curtain. The primary significance of the design was to show the confessor in his guise as judge, with the penitent kneeling before him in an attitude of contrition and humility. The grille and the curtain emphasised 'custody of the eyes'. Although confessor and penitent communicated at close quarters, they were not meant to see each other (although an attentive confessor would have known who was entering the confessional next, or recognised the voice). (Cornwell, The Dark Box: A Secret History of Confession, p. 44).

Soon confessional boxes were introduced in all the churches of his diocese–financed by New World gold and silver–as Milan was part of the Spanish Empire.

A replica of the first confessional box in Milan cathedral.
A replica of the first confessional box in Milan cathedral.

The confessional box was Borromeo's answer to priestly seduction thru the confessional.

In reality, the privacy of the new boxes facilitated spying and seduction of females.

The Inquisition created a plethora of "penitents," so, in 1580, a second box was added to the confessional.

The confessional box was invented
A second box was added to the original design in 1580.

The original design evolved into 2 boxes and doors to screen priests and "penitents." As a reward for inventing the confessional box, Cardinal Borromeo was made a "saint" of the Latin Church in 1610.

Borromeo was a fanatical believer in supersubstantial bread or the real presence of "Jesus" on the altar. At the Council of Trent, he tried . . . but failed . . . to have a law passed that women should wear a BURKA in church. Here is a quote from a hagiography of Cardinal Borromeo, by a fellow priest:

The other was a revival of the Apostolic precept, that women, of whatever rank or condition, should have a covering on their heads in church, and that not transparent, but veiling the face completely. This order was so favourably received, that the Milanese women were wont to put down their veils, not only in church, but even in the streets and at the doors of their houses when the Archbishop was passing. On one occasion, as the writer walked through the streets of Milan in company with the Cardinal, a woman who passed covered her face, which drew from him the remark "That is the right way of veiling the face, as ordered by the Church." (Giussano, The Life of St. Charles Borromeo, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan, vol. I, p. 333).

Borromeo had an abysmal knowledge of his own country and history. In the Apostolic era, Christians did not meet in "churches". . . but in private houses. During the times of persecution they met in the catacombs:

Salute Prisca (Priscilla) and Aquila, my helpers, in Christ Jesus (Who have for my life laid down their own necks: to whom not I only give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles), And the church which is in their house. Salute Epenetus, my beloved: who is the firstfruits of Asia in Christ (Romans 16:3-5 ).

A quick visit to the catacombs of Rome would have enlightened Borromeo that Apostolic Christian women did not wear the BURKA but always covered their heads when praying. Perhaps he thought that all the Milanese women were UGLY like him and should cover their faces!!

Orante–a praying woman from the catacombs.
Orante–a praying woman from the catacombs.

The deacon Priscalla "Tiberius" is the star of the Catacomb of Priscilla outside Rome.

Priscilla was martyred during the Neronian persecution.

Orante nelle catacombe di Priscilla
Orante nelle catacombe di Priscilla.

The image is of the deacon Priscilla "Tiberius" praying, it is the only surviving image of a Christian woman . . . or man . . . from the 1st century.

It was not until the time of Emperor Constantine that Christians began meeting in "churches."

Borromeo dominated the Council of Trent, but he could not establish a mandatory minimum age for confession. He issued his own guidelines, or recommended that children as young as 8 should confess:

On the Feast of Pentecost large numbers received the Sacrament of Confirmation from his hands. With regard to the reception of this Sacrament, he directed that the recipient should have attained at least the age of eight, and should go to Confession and Communion on the day, if of age to receive Communion, and should take the name of some saint. (Giussano, The Life of St. Charles Borromeo, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan, vol. I, p. 125).

What was recommended by Borromeo was finally made mandatory by Pope Pius X.

Franz Xavier Wernz (1842–1914).
Franz Xavier Wernz (1842–1914).
Jesuit general from 1906 to 1914.

In 1910, Pope Pius X issued a decree called Quam Singulari which lowered the age of confession to 7.

The lowering of the minimum age to 7 opened the door to clerical abuse of children on a monumental scale.

Pope Pius X (1835–1914).
King Pius X (1835–1914).
Pope from 1903 to 1914.

With the telecommunications revolution, the confessional was no longer necessary for spying, so a move back to the 13th century practice began with Vatican Council II.

A female "penitent" confessing
A female "penitent" confessing
to a priest.

With the modernization of Vatican Council II the Papacy began thinking outside the box.

In many cases, the boxes were discarded in favor of the 13th century method of confession.

No matter how heinous the crime, as long as you confess to the priest, he claims to have the power to absolve you.

A group of "penitents"
A group of "penitents"
confessing to priests.

This reversion to the 13th century method of confession is a clear case of déjà vu . . . or back to the future....The only person in the Holy Bible who confessed his sins to priests was Judas Iscariot:

Then Judas, who betrayed him, seeing that he was condemned, repenting himself, brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and ancients, saying: I have sinned in betraying innocent blood. But they said: What is that to us? Look thou to it. And casting down the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed and went and hanged himself with an halter (Saint Matthew 27:3-5).

Judas self-destructed immediately after confessing his sins to the cold heartless chief priests.

I Corinthians 11:1-16
1 Be ye followers of me, as I also am of Christ.
2 Now I praise you, brethren, that in all things you are mindful of me and keep my ordinances as I have delivered them to you.
3 But I would have you know that the head of every man is Christ: and the head of the woman is the man: and the head of Christ is God.
4 Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered disgraceth his head.
5 But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered disgraceth her head: for it is all one as if she were shaven.
6 For if a woman be not covered, let her be shorn. But if it be a shame to a woman to be shorn or made bald, let her cover her head.
7 The man indeed ought not to cover his head: because he is the image and glory of God. But the woman is the glory of the man.
8 For the man is not of the woman: but the woman of the man.
9 For the man was not created for the woman: but the woman for the man.
10 Therefore ought the woman to have a power over her head, because of the angels.
11 But yet neither is the man without the woman, nor the woman without the man, in the Lord.
12 For as the woman is of the man, so also is the man by the woman: but all things of God.
13 You yourselves judge. Doth it become a woman to pray unto God uncovered?
14 Doth not even nature itself teach you that a man indeed, if he nourish his hair, it is a shame unto him?
15 But if a woman nourish her hair, it is a glory to her; for her hair is given to her for a covering.
16 But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor the Church of God.

Here is a clearer translation of verse 16 from the original Greek:
But if any man seem to be contentious (quarrelsome, argumentative), we have no other custom, nor the Church of God.

Vital link


Cornwell, John. The Dark Box: A Secret History of Confession. Basic Books, New York, 2014.

De Boer, Wietse. The Conquest of the Soul. Confession, Discipline, and Public Order in Counter-Reformation Milan. Brill, Leiden 2001.

Amphlett, Hilda, Hats: A History of Fashion in Headwear. Dover Publications, Mineola, New York, 2003.

Giussano, Giovanni Pietro.The Life of St. Charles Borromeo, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan. Burns and Oates, London, 1884, (In 2 volumes).

The Douay Rheims Version translated from the Latin Vulgate. Tan Books and Publishers, Rockford, Illinois, 1971. (First published in 1899). Imprimatur James Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore.

Copyright © 2014 by Patrick Scrivener

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