and Times of King Henry VIII
foolish son is a grief to his father, and bitterness to her that bare
him" (Proverbs 17:25).
. . and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause
them to be put to death" (Matthew 10:21).
VII (1457-1509). A victim of the poison cup!!
the kingship of Henry VII, the New World was discovered by Venetian
Alexander VI claimed the New World for Spain in order the stop
the English colonization of the continent.
fact alone explains the sudden death of King Henry VI and the
6 wives of King Henry VIII.
Henry VIII (1491-1547).
The future King
Henry VIII just turned 18 on June 28, 1509. This was the age of majority
for the royal succession. The timing of the death of his father was
Henry's father, in his last will and testament, never
mentioned his son succeeding him or marrying Catherine of Aragon.
He never mentioned any Dispensation from the Pope to
marry Catherine of Aragon either!!
founder of the Tudor dynasty— was born in Pembroke Castle in the
South-West of Wales in the year 1457. He was of Celtic origin and became
king in 1485 after winning the famous battle of Bosworth Field in which
his rival, King Richard III, was slain.
His only interest
was the welfare of his people. He inherited a war-weary impoverished
country, and did his utmost to put an end to wars and foreign conflicts.
In 1486, he married
the beautiful princess Elizabeth of York, who belonged to a rival dynasty.
Henry sought to heal ancient rifts and end dynastic wars.
of York (1466-1503), wife of King Henry VII.
royal happy couple believed in making love . . . and not war!!
They had a
total of 8 children. However, only 4 survived: 2 boys Arthur and
Henry, and 2 girls: Margaret and Mary.
King James IV of Scotland and established a peaceful alliance
with that country.
the oldest surviving son and was next in line for the throne.
As such his title was Prince of Wales while his brother Henry
was Prince of York.
struck to commemorate the marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth
of York in January 1496, which unified the rival houses of York
of the New World during the reign of King Henry VII
One of the greatest
events in the history of the world happened during the reign of King
Henry. That was the Discovery of the New World by John Cabot in 1494.
explaining his great Discovery of the New World to King Henry
VII of England. King
Henry defied Rome and granted Cabot a Royal Charter on March 5,
1496, in the 11th year of his reign.
his return from the Discovery of the New World in 1494, the Papal
Bull of Pope Alexander VI was proclaimed in England. John Cabot
realized that the Spanish Inquisition was trying to supplant him
with Christopher Columbus!!
He went to
King Henry to obtain a Royal Charter for his Discovery. The king
took a great risk in defying Rome, nevertheless he went ahead
and issued the Charter to Cabot.
history, kings had been toppled from their thrones by the dreaded
Papal thunder called the Interdict. In this case, the
Pope withheld his excommunication because he did not want to alert
the world to what was happening with the substitution of Columbus
Arthur (1486-1502, oldest son of King Henry, was married to
Catherine of Aragon in 1501.
of Aragon (1485-1536), was wife of Prince Arthur for
5 months until he died of a mysterious disease!!
To cement an alliance
between Spain and England, Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Ferdinand
and Isabella, was betrothed to Prince Arthur, the oldest son of King
Catherine of Aragon
arrived in England in October 1501, and was married to Prince Arthur
on Nov. 4, 1501.
5 months later,
on April 2, 1502, Prince Arthur was dead of a mysterious disease....King
Henry's wife, Elizabeth died in childbirth after delivering a baby just
10 months later. She was just 37 years old.
battle for control of the New World!!
At this point in
time, Catherine should have packed her bags and returned to Spain, but
control of an entire New World was at stake and she was forbidden
to return.... She was told to set her eyes on Henry—the younger
brother of Arthur— and later to become the infamous King Henry
Henry (1491-1547), when he was Duke of York.
Catherine married to the king of England, she would make sure
that the Bull of Pope Alexander VI was obeyed and that England
would not challenge Spain for possession of the New World.
Henry and his last surviving son were against a marriage to the
widow of Arthur. In a superstitious age, people saw the young
prince's death as a bad omen.
To make matters
worse, Isabella of Castile died in 1504 at the young age of 53.
From a purely political perspective that meant that Aragon and
Castile would once more break up into two separate kingdoms thus
weakening them both. King Henry was too astute not to see this
alliance with Spain in a lot less satisfactory light.
June 27, 1505, the eve of his fourteenth birthday, Henry, Prince
of Wales, appearing before Richard, Bishop of Winchester, and
a committee of the privy council, solemnly protested against
his betrothal to Catherine, contracted upon his minority, declared
he would not ratify it, and denounced it as null and void"
Catherine of Aragon, p. 65).
At this time all
hope was lost of a marriage between Catherine and Henry. Catherine was
actually preparing to return to Spain . . . when out of the blue everything
changed.... A RASPUTIN like Franciscan monk appeared named Fray Diego
"For a long
time her repeated appeals for a Spanish-speaking confessor went unheeded
in Spain. Then, sometime before April, 1507, she found Fray Diego
Fernandez. He was a member of the very order to which she, like her
mother, was most attached, the Observant Franciscans. Like most of
the Observants he was of humble birth, but he was a Spaniard of the
Spaniards, a native of Old Castile, and he had studied at Salamanca,
and was able to share her intellectual interests. He had been long
enough in England to speak English and knew something of the islanders.
And whatever his motives—and we know nothing of the motives
of Fray Diego—he proved himself loyal and devoted. Before long
he was the only person in her household on whom Catherine felt she
could rely" (Mattingly, Catherine of Aragon, p.107).
became not only her confessor, but her chancellor as well. He advised
her about worldly matters as well as spiritual ones. He became a figure
of great controversy in England. Katharine was devoted to him, too
devoted. Deeply religious as she was, she needed spiritual guidance;
lonely as she was, she needed a friend. He became that friend and
she did everything he said. She even had the courage to sell
some of her plate in order to buy him books. Unfortunately for her,
he took advantage of his position. Because of him she sometimes behaved
in a way that neither Isabella nor Donna Elvira would have approved
of. He was a young man and did not apparently have a very good reputation.
Katharine, however, was so attached to him she would hear no wrong
of him. There was a certain amount of scandal. The new ambassador,
Fuensalida, was shocked" (Roll, The Pomegranate and the Rose).
King Henry kept
a tight rein on his rambunctious son. He knew that Henry had no kingly
qualities. Never were a father and son more different in personality.
He was not allowed to see Catherine. The ONLY people with access to
Catherine and Henry were the Franciscans monks. Only the DEATH of the
king would place Catherine on the throne and that is exactly what happened.
Henry VII was about to remarry!!
After the death
of his beloved wife Elizabeth in 1503, King Henry was searching for
a new wife. This is what an Italian historian wrote about the king in
body was slender but well built and strong;
his height above the average. His appearance was remarkably attractive
and his face was cheerful, especially when speaking; his eyes were
small and blue, his teeth few, poor and blackish ; his hair was thin
and white; his complexion sallow. His spirit was distinguished, wise
and prudent; his mind was brave and resolute and never, even at moments
of the greatest danger, deserted him" (Vergil, Anglica
Historia, p. 145).
Austria (1480-1530), Duchess of Savoy was one of the young
prospective brides for Henry VII.
Henry's health was fine up to the year 1507. After the death of
his wife Elizabeth in 1503, several young ladies were
considered as prospective brides. One of them was Margaret of
Austria, eldest daughter of the Emperor Maximilian I. She was
only 24 years old. Another bride was Joan, queen of Naples, niece
of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain.
never took place because the king died suddenly in 1509, at the
young age of 52.
upon the death of his father, Henry became king and reversed all
the policies of his father. He had his father's closest advisers
sent to the Tower and executed. It was a political coup d'état.
father and son more different in personality than King Henry and
his son. With his father and mother now dead there was nobody
to restrain the folly and madness of the young king.
Henry VII was poisoned!!
Henry VII was given some of the cantarella
of Borgia so that his son could marry Catherine of Aragon and maintain
the Spanish alliance:
Henry was married by
the Franciscans after the murder of his father:
marriage with Margaret was protracted from time to time, in respect
of the infirmity of the King, who now in the two and twentieth of
his reign (1507) began to be troubled with the gout: but the defluxion
taking also into his breast, wasted his lungs, so that thrice in a
year (in a kind of return, and especially in the spring) he had great
fits and labours of the tissick [consumption]. Nevertheless he continued
to intend business with as great diligence as before in his health:
yet so, as upon this warning he did likewise now more seriously think
of the world to come, and of making himself a saint, as well as King
Henry the Sixth, by treasure better employed than to be given to Pope
Julius " (Bacon, History of the Reign of Henry VII,
as the funeral was over, they went, she and her youthful lover, to
Greenwich, whose sunlit windows, pleached alleys, and broad lawns
stretching down to the Thames were dear to Catherine ever after, and
there, Henry's impatience having contained itself for quite six weeks,
they were quietly married at the oratory of the Franciscan Observants
just by the palace wall. It was time, for Henry was determined that
his bride would share his coronation, set for Midsummer's Day, and
to keep custom the King and Queen must lie the night before at the
Tower. So the Londoners first saw their new Queen borne from the Tower
to Westminster, sitting in a litter of cloth of gold slung between
white palfreys, clad, herself, all in white satin, the costume of
a virgin bride, with her gleaming hair 'hanging down her
back, at a very great length, beautiful and goodly to behold'"(Mattingly,
Catherine of Aragon, p. 119).
of Henry and Catherine on June 24, 1509. The union of the pomegranate
and the rose united the Tudors to the Spanish royal house.
the poisoning of his father, Henry married Catherine and was crowned
on June 24, 1509. Like Ahab and Jezebel in the Old Testament who
killed Naboth and stole his vineyard (I Kings 21:15), they did
evil in the sight of the Lord because they believed that nobody
was watching them and that their sins would never be found out.
the exact opposite of his father. He was a PARTY ANIMAL and cared
nothing for his kingdom. He left the running of the country to
fanatical papists like Cardinal Wolsey and Sir Thomas More.
counted on one thing: "and unto GOD the Lord belong the issues
from death" (PS. 68:20). Catherine could not produce a male
The end of the
Babylonian Captivity of the Congregation!!
the reign of Henry VIII, the blessed Reformation began when Martin Luther
posted his 95 Theses to the church door in 1517. Henry immediately opposed
the Reformation. In 1521, he knighted Thomas More for holding his hand
as he wrote a book entitled A Defense of the
Seven Sacraments. This was supposed to refute The Babylonian
Captivity of the Church written by Martin Luther in 1520. Luther
called him a CROWNED ASS!!
Medal of Henry
as Defender of the Faith issued in 1545.
was God's plan to prolong the life of King Henry VII until the
end of the Babylonian Captivity of the Congregation in 1517.
The wise sagacious
king would have realized that the Pope was the counterfeit "christ"
and that he had no authority to give the New World to Spain.
He would have
realized that because of John Cabot's Discovery, God gave the
New World to him and the heirs of the Reformation.
would have challenged Spain and thereby saved the lives of millions
of New World natives from the rapacious Spanish Inquisition.
Divorce from Catherine of Aragon
Boleyn (1500-1536) as a young lady of 25.
we stated before, Henry was a PARTY ANIMAL and had an eye for
beautiful ladies. Anne Boleyn was one such beautiful and brainy
lady. She was educated in France at the court of Marguerite of
Valois, the sister of Francis I.
could not produce a male heir, Henry grew tired of her and wanted
to divorce her and marry a beautiful and intelligent lady-in-waiting
named Anne Boleyn. Henry and Anne first met around the
Catherine, Henry would be breaking the alliance between Spain
and England at a crucial time when the Spanish Inquisition had
a free hand in conquering and enslaving the New World.
had to prevented at all cost. The Pope procrastinated and equivocated
until the king grew tired of Rome and declared himself
Supreme Head of the Church. Anybody who did not accept his new
status as head of the Church was sent to the chopping block.
Anne were married on Jan. 25, 1533.
love letters to Anne Boleyn were sent to Rome!!
kept Henry in suspense for over a year. He cajoled and pleaded. He
made promises and gave gifts. Above all, he wrote letters. Anne, whether
out of sentiment or prudence, kept his letters. But she was betrayed:
somehow, seventeen of the letters, belonging to two widely different
periods, were purloined and sent to Rome, no doubt to serve as evidence
against Henry's Divorce from Catherine. And
there, in the Vatican Library, they remain. Henry almost
certainly kept Anne's letters to him. But they have vanished - probably
because he destroyed them years later, when his love for Anne had
turned to hate and he tried to eradicate every memory of her. The
result of this asymmetric survival of evidence is that our knowledge
of their courtship is one-sided also. Henry's letters document each
fluctuation of his feelings. Anne's emotions, on the other hand, can
only be glimpsed, refracted and perhaps distorted, in Henry's replies
to her letters" (Starkey, Six Wives, p. 278).
Sack of Rome in 1527 in order to prevent the divorce!!
move that Henry made to annul the marriage to Catherine and marry
Anne Boleyn were viewed with alarm at the Vatican. When news of the
intended divorce of King Henry from Catherine of Aragon reached the
Emperor Charles V, he decided to act immediately. His troops invaded
and sacked Rome. Pope Clement VII was made his prisoner in the Castle
of St. Angelo:
On May 5,
1527, the Imperialists invaded and sacked the city of Rome destroying
priceless treasures. The Pope was made a prisoner and a vassal
of the Emperor Charles V.
V was not about to let Henry divorce his aunt, Catherine of
Aragon. He knew that Henry would need a Dispensation from the
Pope to annul the marriage so his troops invaded Rome in 1527.
The Pope took refuge in the Castle of St. Angelo and became
a virtual prisoner of the Emperor.
As a prisoner
of the Emperor, the Pope could not grant the divorce to Henry
and so the king just decided to make himself pope . . . in England!!
procrastinated and equivocated until the king grew tired of
Rome and declared himself Supreme HEAD of the Church.
Anybody who did not accept his new status as HEAD of the Church
of England was sent to the chopping block.
own Defender of the Faith now turned against his former master
and proclaimed himself Pope in England. Henry's break with Rome eventually
paved the way for the triumph of the Reformation in England. Their
evil schemes backfired on them:
made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch which he made.
His mischief shall return upon his own HEAD, and his violent dealing
shall come down upon his own (head) pate" (Psalm
the year 1527 onward, the Papacy was completely controlled by Spain
and the Italian "Popes" were mere figureheads. When the
Jesuits were established in 1540, the real Pope was the Jesuit
general. The Jesuit general is also called the Black Pope because
he always dresses in black!!
Queen in Heaven!!
Boleyn was Queen for 1,000 days only. She was unjustly condemned
and beheaded. She went to Heaven to reign with Christ for 1,000
Anne was known as Anne of the 1,000 days because she reigned for
only 1,000 days from 1533 to 1536. She made powerful enemies among
the Roman Catholic hierarchy by favoring the Reformation.
She gave Henry
a copy of a book by William Tyndale entitled The Obedience
of a Christian Man. Tyndale was persona non grata
in England because of his translation of the New Testament into
English. This act aroused the wrath of the powerful papists at
the Court of Henry.
Anne had to do to make her position as Queen secure was to produce
a male heir. She had several miscarriages, no doubt produced by
the cantarella of Borgia.
Saint Anne had only one surviving daughter who later became the
glorious Queen Elizabeth I.
was beheaded at the Tower on Friday, May 19, 1536. She became
a martyr for Jesus and a Queen in Heaven and went to reign with
Christ in Heaven.
Her only surviving
daughter Elizabeth, went on to become England's greatest Queen.
Anne Boleyn traded a corruptible earthly crown for an eternal throne
and went immediately to reign with Christ in Heaven:
I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto
them: and I saw the souls of them that
were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God,
and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither
had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and
they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years" (Rev.
VIII, King of Ireland!!!!
VIII proclaimed himself KING of Ireland in June, 1541.
LORDSHIP of Hibernia (Ireland) was given by Pope Hadrian IV to
the Normans (Vikings) in 1155, by the Papal Bull Laudabiliter.
claimed ownership of ALL islands due to a forged document called
the Donation of Constantine.
time, the English kings always referred to themselves as LORDS
of Ireland and NEVER by the title of KINGS of Ireland. That is
until the time of Henry VIII.
In June 1541,
the rubber stamp Irish Parliament gave Henry the title KING of
Ireland. That was because the Irish always HATED Rome especially
since the Pope banned them from attending St.
papal grant, made in 1155, was kept a secret until after Henry II
landed in Ireland in 1172. Thus the English received dominion over
Ireland on the grounds that the pontiffs were feudal lords of all
islands of the ocean, thanks to the Donation of Constantine.
The Irish conquest, ordered by Pope Hadrian IV, is authenticated by
a document popularly called the "Bull Laudabiliter," found
only in the Roman Bullarium (1739) and in the Annals of Baronius,
but its authenticity has been accepted by Roman Catholic and Protestant
historians alike.The "Bull Laudabiliter" is inserted in
the Expugnatio Hibernica of Giraldus Cambrensis, published
in or about 1188, wherein he asserts it to be the document brought
from Rome by John of Salisbury in 1155. He also gives with it a confirmation
by Alexander II, obtained, he states, by Henry II after his visit
to Ireland. John of Salisbury, the intimate friend and confidant of
Pope Hadrian, quotes also the Donation of Constantine, on the grounds
of this right of St. Peter over all islands.
In addition to these two documents, there are three letters from Alexander
III, which are similarly known to us only at second hand, being transcribed
in what is known as the Black Book of the Exchequer. In them, the
pope expresses his warm approval of Henry's conquest of Ireland, calling
his expedition a missionary enterprise, praising him as a champion
of the Church and particularly of St. Peter and of his rights, which
rights St. Peter passed on to the popes. Especially significant is
the fact that the rights claimed by the popes under the Donation of
Constantine, over all islands, are here asserted, not so much as justifying
the grant of Ireland to Henry, but as entitling the papal see to claim
those rights for itself" (Manhattan, Vatican Billions,
always darkest before the dawn so England experienced the darkest days
of her history when Bloody Mary—the daughter of Catherine of Aragon—became
(1516-1553) was the daughter of Catharine of Aragon and Henry
Mary reigned for 5 years only (1553-1558) but these years were
the bloodiest in English history. Over 500 people were burned
at the stake for refusing to convert to Catholicism. These included
Archbishop Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, Bishop of Worcester, and Nicholas
Ridley, Bishop of Rochester.
Jane Grey and her husband sent to the Tower and beheaded.
the daughter of Anne Boleyn was arrested and sent to the Tower.
Only a miracle saved her from death.
married Philip II of Spain but was unable to produce an hair and
her step-sister, then became Queen and reigned for 45 years.
Elizabeth I (1533-1603), daughter of Anne Boleyn.
virgin Queen Elizabeth I—became Queen on Nov. 17, 1558.
She reigned for 45 years and those years were the most momentous
in world history.
the years when Spain and England were locked in a titanic struggle
for world supremacy.
excommunicated by Pope Pius in 1570, and her kingdom was put under
the dreaded Interdict.
reign saw the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in France, the defeat
of the Spanish Armada, and the discovery of California by Sir
France Drake during his circumnavigation of the world.
Queen's Translation of the Bible into Gaelic!!
Elizabeth I was fluent in several languages and she paid for the translating
of the Bible into the Gaelic language of Ireland:
1570 Pope Pius V. issued his Bull excommunicating Elizabeth and deposing
her, a proceeding to which according to Mr. Richey, may be traced
the subsequent misfortunes of the Roman Catholics of England and Ireland.
From that time to the end of her reign the national party began more
and more to put forward the religious side of the quarrel, and to
connect themselves with the Roman Catholic party on the Continent.
Meanwhile a movement was taking place which, if followed up, would
have had important results. John Kearney, treasurer of St. Patrick's,
who had been educated at Cambridge, and Nicholas Walsh, chancellor
of the cathedral, got an order made that the Church services should
be printed in the Irish language, and a church set apart in the chief
town of every diocese where they were to be read and a sermon preached
to the common people. The Queen was
warmly interested in the design, and provided at her own expense a
printing press and Irish type, "in hope that God in His mercy
would raise up some to translate the New Testament" into their
mother tongue. She even set about learning the language herself, and
there is in existence a small elegantly written volume prepared for
her by Lord Delvin, containing the Irish alphabet, with instructions
for reading the language. 'Proceed, therefore, proceed, most gracious
sovereign, in your holy intent,' Lord Delvin says; and he tells
the Queen that 'in this generous act she will excel all her ancestors.'
The first book printed with the type provided by the Queen for the
instruction of the native Irish was a catechism and primer, the title
of which was : "Alphabetum et ratio legendi Hibernicum et
Catechismus in eadem lingua" (Olden, History of the
Church of Ireland, pp. 332-333.
Will of King Henry VII
to Saint Anne Boleyn from John Foxe, martyrologist
of the Bank of "England" Revealed at Last!!
Bans Irish from attending St. Patrick's Cathedral!!
Wilhelm, Dr. England under the Tudors, King Henry VII. Burt
Franklin, New York, 1895.
S. B. Henry VII. University of California Press, 1972.
Pamphili. (260 — 340). Oration to Constantine. Grand
Rapids, Baker Book House, 1981.
Antonia. The Six Wives of Henry VIII. Weidenfeld & Nicolson,
David. Chronicles of the Tudor Kings. Bramley Books, Surrey,
Garrett. Catherine of Aragon. Vintage Books, New York, 1941.
Avro. The Vatican Billions, Chick Publication, Chino, California,
Thomas. History of the Church of Ireland. Wells, Gardner, Darton
and Co, London, 1892.
Winifred. The Pomegranate & The Rose: The Story of Katherine
of Aragon. Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1970.
David. Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII. HarperCollins
Publishers, New York, 2003.
R. L. The Reign of Henry VII. Walker & Co., New York, 1968.
J.J. Henry VIII. University of California Press, 1968.
Philip W. The Life of Anne Boleyn. D. Appleton & Co., New
John Boyd. The Cabotian Discovery. Transactions of the Royal
Society of Canada, 1897.
Polydore. The Anglica Historia of
Polydore Vergil, A.D. 1485-1537 .(translated by Denys Hay),
Office of the Royal Historical Society, Camden Series, London, 1950.
Retha M. The Rise and Fall of Anne Boleyn. Cambridge University
Press, New York, 1989.