The Bull Dudum Siquidem of September 26, 1493.
Alexander, bishop, servant of the servants of God, to the illustrious sovereigns, his very dear son in Christ, Ferdinand, king, and his very dear daughter in Christ, Isabella, queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon, and Granada, health and apostolic benediction.
A short while ago
of our own accord, and out of our certain knowledge, and fullness of our
apostolic power, we gave, conveyed, and assigned forever to you and your
heirs and successors, kings of Castile and Leon, all islands and mainlands
whatsoever, discovered and to be discovered, toward the west and south,
that were not under the actual temporal dominion of any Christian lords.
Moreover, we invested therewith you and your aforesaid heirs and successors,
and appointed and deputed you as lords of them with full and free power,
authority, and jurisdiction of every kind, as more fully appears in our
letters given to that effect, the terms whereof we wish to be understood
as if they were inserted word for word in these presents. But since it
may happen that your envoys and captains, or vassals, while voyaging toward
the west or south, might bring their ships to land in eastern regions
and there discover islands and mainlands that belonged or belong to India,
with the desire moreover to bestow gracious favors upon you, through our
similar accord, knowledge, and fullness of power, by apostolic authority
and by tenor of these presents, in all and through all, just as if in
the aforesaid letters full and express mention had been made thereof,
we do in like manner amplify and extend our aforesaid gift, grant, assignment,
and letters, with all and singular the clauses contained in the said letters,
to all islands and mainlands whatsoever, found and to be found, discovered
and to be discovered, that are or may be or may seem to be in the route
of navigation or travel toward the west or south, whether they be in western
parts, or in the regions of the south and east and of India. We grant
to you and your aforesaid heirs and successors full and free power through
your own authority, exercised through yourselves or through another or
others, freely to take corporal possession of the said islands and countries
and to hold them forever, and to defend them against whosoever may oppose.
With this strict prohibition however to all persons, of no matter what
rank, estate, degree, order or condition, that under penalty of excommunication
latae sententiae, which such as contravene are to incur ipso
facto, no one without your express and special license or that of
your aforesaid heirs and successors shall, for no matter what reason or
pretense, presume in any manner to go or send to the aforesaid regions
for the purpose of navigating or of fishing, or of searching for islands
or mainlands—notwithstanding apostolic constitutions and ordinances,
and any gifts, grants, powers, and assignments of the aforesaid regions,
seas, islands, and countries, or any portion of them, made by us or our
predecessors to any kings, princes, infantes, or any other persons, orders,
or knighthoods, for no matter what reasons, even for motives of charity
or the faith, or the ransom of captives, or for other reasons, even the
most urgent; notwithstanding also any repealing clauses, even though they
are of the most positive, mandatory, and unusual character; and no matter
what sentences, censures, and penalties of any kind they may contain;
providing however these grants have not gone into effect through actual
and real possession, even though it may have happened that
the persons to whom such gifts and grants were made, or their envoys,
sailed thither at some time through chance. Wherefore should any such
Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, on the twenty-sixth day of September, in the year of the incarnation of our Lord one thousand four hundred and ninety-three, the second year of our pontificate.
Gratis by order of our most holy lord the Pope.
Davenport, Frances Gardiner, (Editor). European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and its Dependencies to 1648. Gloucester, MASS, 1967.
Gottschalk, Paul. The Earliest Diplomatic Documents on America. The Papal Bulls of 1493 and the Treaty of Tordesillas Reproduced and Translated. Berlin, 1927.